Wewoka is a city in Seminole County, Oklahoma, United States. 25 trading company ada ok population was 3,430 at the 2010 census.
Founded by a Freedman, John Horse, and Black Seminoles in January, 1849, Wewoka is the current capital of the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma. The city my have been named for the wife of Osceola. Wewoka’s history begins with Freedman John Horse, who was also known as Gopher John. In the spring of 1849, Horse and a group of Black Seminoles founded a settlement near modern-day Wewoka. In autumn of 1849, Horse and Seminole chief Wild Cat led Seminole families into Mexico to avoid the attempts of slavers to raid families and capture people of African descent. The city was founded in 1866 when Elijah J.
Brown, an employee of the federal government led Seminole refugees from Leroy, Kansas to Indian Territory. During the existence of the Seminole Nation as a political entity, the federal government was required by treaty to make payments directly to qualified tribe members. The city was formally platted in 1897. The Seminole National Council ordered that decreed that the lots could be sold only to American Indians. However, the decision was overturned in 1902 and sales were opened to white settlers. In 1907, Wewoka became part of the state of Oklahoma, which was admitted to the union.
In 1908 it was designated as the county seat of Seminole County, Oklahoma, winning out in an election against the city of Seminole, Oklahoma. The city developed around the house that Andrew Jackson Brown and his wife Mannie Lou built at 11th Avenue and Muskogee. Brown was the brother of Seminole Governor John Brown and the two owned and operated the Wewoka Trading Company. They were prominent Seminole of Creek and Scottish ancestry. In March 1923, oil was discovered a mile and a half southeast of Wewoka.
Smith drilled the first commercial well in 1923 on St. Great wealth was realized by many Seminole in 1925 with the exploration of the Magnolia Petroleum Company. In the 1920s and 30’s the great Seminole Oil Fields were the largest suppliers of oil anywhere in the world. In 1925 the population of Wewoka was 1,520. From 1927 to the present, the oil companies took out as much as they could get.
As the oil decreased, jobs and people left the city. By 1950 the population of Wewoka was 6,753 and in 1960 it was 6,300. The population continued a steady decline, but the city has continued as the commercial center of the region. The 1980s and 1990s were difficult for the city. Businesses left town and poverty greatly increased.
The city leaders tried to protect themselves by refusing to allow competition, like Wal-Mart, to enter the city. Holdenville and Seminole do have Wal-Mart stores. Seminole’s Wal-Mart has the super-center configuration offering groceries as well as dry goods. Paul Harvey called Wewoka “Little Chicago,” because it had a higher crime rate per capita than the city of Chicago. The violence in the city caused people to avoid coming to Wewoka and gave the city a reputation that continues to linger. By the mid 1990s, new leadership began to turn commerce around in the city.
The police force was increased and began to get the crime rate under control. The crime rate by 2001 was below average for the state of Oklahoma. The historic downtown received a face lift of new sidewalks, streets, lights and flowers. Wewoka was selected as one of Channel 5’s Top Five Cities in 2004. The city of Wewoka continues to work to attract businesses and maintain population. The current population of Wewoka is just over 3,500. The projections show that the city will continue to decrease in the coming years.
37,000 a year, a substantial increase over 2002. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4. None of the area is covered with water. As of the 2010 census, there were 3,430 people, 3,177 households, and 803 families residing in Wewoka. The average household size was 2. 56 and the average family size was 3.